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CLASSIFICATION OF ACUPUNCTURE

According to the location of needle-insertion, acupuncture can be categorized into classical body acupuncture and micro acupuncture. Body acupuncture aims to stimulate the whole body surface where the 14 general meridians are distributed. Micro acupuncture aims to stimulate certain specific regions of the body, such as ear, hand, foot, and scalp, etc, and thus classified into auricular acupuncture, hand/foot acupuncture, scalp acupuncture, nose acupuncture, face acupuncture, respectively. Besides, acupuncture also categorized based on the application of various type of stimulating equipments, such as manual, electric, and laser acupuncture, etc. Equipments of manual acupuncture include commonly-used filiform needle, seven-star needle and intradermal needles (or tack needle), as well as three-edged needle and small needle scalpel suitable for special purposes.  Different types of acupuncture may have different emphases of stimulation locations and methods, and have corresponding indications. In the scope of TCM, there are other external therapies, such as moxibustion, tuina, cupping, and guasha, which are derived from acupuncture, and applied extensively.